The Sanskrit name of the fifth chakra, "vishuddha", means "enhanced purity" (vi- enhance, shuddhi- purity, and chakra is also known as "the center of purification". The root of vishuddha chakra is in the spine at the base of the neck, and it extends directly forward to a circle a few centimeters in front of the pit of the throat.
This chakra controls the neck, shoulders, and upper chest.
Vishuddha chakra corresponds with the element of space, or ether, the colour violet, the sense of hearing, and the level of consciousness which sees the Divine in all manifestSation.
Sexuality on Vishuddha
Sexuality on vishuddha is transpersonal. Rather than the union of two individual beings, sexuality on vishuddha is the union of two aspects of the Divine. Sexuality on vishuddha is mystical and pure, abstract and symbolic. The individual consciousness is surrendered to the Divine unfolding of the energies of the universe.
Sexual positions in which the legs of the partners are crossed, in "scissors" style, can stimulate vishuddha chakra.
Vishuddha sexuality is characterized by transfiguration of the self and the other. At this level of consciousness, the individual moves beyond merely imagining themselves and the partner as aspects of the Divine, and enters into the actual experience of transfiguration. Lovemaking at this level evokes the eternal cosmic dance of energy and awareness, the Divine Feminine and Divine Masculine principles, Shiva and Shakti.
The vishuddha man and women are transpersonal lovers; rather than loving the unique individuality they each represent, they love the divine essence in each other. The cultivation of transpersonal love results in a powerful elevation of consciousness.
Spirituality on Vishuddha
When the consciousness reaches the level of vishuddha, spirituality takes the form of aesthetic appreciation, seeing the profound beauty in works of art, and also in the unfolding of daily life. A balanced vishuddha consciousness perceives the essence of the Divine in all aspects of material reality.
An imbalance in vishuddha can result in selectivity of transfiguration. A person with an imbalance on vishuddha may become hyper-aware of "purity", and try to isolate themselves from anything they deem "impure". These individuals often live a relatively isolated, hermit-like existence, because they cannot see the Divine in the muddy dealings of the lower chakras, where most people are operating, and they cannot bear to be in contact with energy that they perceive to be dirty and impure, or in surroundings they find harsh or ugly.
Blockages on vishuddha can cause blockages in self-expression, and an inability to see beyond the surface of mundane reality.
Working with Vishuddha Chakra
Transfiguration is an essential element of vishuddha consciousness. Striving to see beyond the surface appearance of people, objects, and events, seeking always to see the hand of the Divine in even the most ugly and appalling aspects of life, is the Tantric way.
Self-transfiguration is an essential element in the transfiguration of others, and of material reality. Trataka on an image of oneself, and bhakti yoga directed toward an image of oneself, can help to open the door to self-transfiguration.
The hatha yoga asana ardha matsyendrasana (the seated twist) and sarvangasana (the shoulder stand) are two of the four most powerful asanas, and work primarily to activate vishuddha chakra. Ardha matsyendrasana, with its polar nature, also has a balancing effect. These two asanas should be a central part of any Tantric's regular practice.
More than any other chakra, vishuddha chakra responds to sound. Music which activates vishuddha chakra is elevated, clear, and has components such as flute or violin, which have a "piercing" nature. Music meditation is very beneficial for activating vishuddha chakra.